CBD oil is cannabidiol. This compound is derived from either the cannabis plant or the hemp plant. When derived from the cannabis plant, CBD oil is highly regulated by state law. And on the Federal level, cannabis CBD oil is illegal to possess.
However, cannabidiol (CBD oil) can also be legally extracted from the hemp plant.
Is Hemp CBD Oil Legal?
Yes, hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) can be legal. However, the following must be true:
- The CBD is derived from the hemp plant—not the cannabis plant;
- The hemp plant was cultivated on a farm that has a license to grow industrial hemp, and;
- The hemp-derived CBD does not contain more than a trace amount of THC (typically 0.03%).
These legal standards are governed by Section 7606 of the Agricultural Act of 2014. Hemp products that meet the criteria above are considered legal—although consumers should always verify legality and restrictions in their home state.
The reason for this distinction is primarily political. Whereas cannabis remains a Schedule I drug Federally (despite countless studies indicating both safety and efficacy while treating everything from cancer to PTSD and anxiety), hemp can be legal to grow, sell, and manufacture.
Plant Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol, and CBD Effects
Hemp cannabinoids are powerful compounds found throughout the plant. Over the last couple decades, science has discovered over 100 unique cannabinoids (i). THC is perhaps the best known, since it is the cannabinoid that causes users to feel high. However, there are dozens of other cannabinoids, phytochemicals, and plant terpenes that have proven beneficial to health in both human and animal studies—without causing any intoxicating effects.
Of those plant compounds, CBD oil is one of the most popular and widely researched.
To learn more, visit the following page on hemp cannabinoids.
What is CBD Oil’s Effect on the Body?
Why does CBD oil have such profoundly positive effects in both human and animal studies? This question lead researchers to discover the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).
The Endocannabinoid System exists in most animals and all humans. This system extends throughout the entire human body, including all the major organs, brain tissues, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. The primary goal of the ECS is to promote optimal health and bodily function through homeostasis, or balance. There are many things that promote optimal ECS function. Researchers now believe that diet, lifestyle, and exogenous cannabinoids—like CBD oil—can play a role in balancing the ECS, and thus promote health and longevity.
To date, there have been over 20,000 studies on CBD oil, the Endocannabinoid System, and associated health benefits. To learn more, visit the following page for an introduction to the human Endocannabinoid System.
What is CBD Oil’s Biggest Benefit?
It’s hard— if not impossible— to define any single benefit as “best” when it comes to CBD oil. Some use CBD oil to alleviate serious arthritis and joint pain. Others use it to reduce feelings of anxiety and stress. Although the motivation might differ, one thing is universal: The benefits of CBD oil are likely to be the byproduct of achieving balance across the Endocannabinoid System.
To learn more, visit this ever-growing list of potential CBD oil benefits. We monitor news and studies as they are published, so be sure to bookmark that page and check-in regularly for updates.
What are CBD Oil’s Side Effects?
As mentioned above, the National Institutes of Health has made more than 20,000 studies available to the public on the potential health benefits—and side effects—of CBD. These studies have been designed and conducted by some of the world’s most prestigious medical clinics and universities.
Consumers are wise to follow the research as this is a new field of study continue to evolve. To stay up-to-date with CBD oil research and side effects, be sure to bookmark our CBD side effects page and return regularly for updates.
What is Recommended CBD Oil Dosage?
No two individuals are identical. Moreover, health benefits seem to be the indirect result of CBD oil promoting balance throughout the Endocannabinoid System. For these reasons, it can be difficult to identify what is the best CBD dosage.
What CBD manufactures, consumers, and physicians can agree on: There’s a standard protocol to follow. Users should start with a small dose, then steadily increase until achieving desired effects.
To learn more about that protocol, speak to your physician. And while the information on this website should never be substituted for the advice and guidance of a licensed medical professional, we’ve made general notes available on our CBD Dosage page. We encourage visitors to download, save, and print this page to share with a physician.
What’s the Best CBD Oil for Me?
There are many forms of CBD oil to choose from. Some are made from a hemp-derived CBD isolate, while others are made using a phytochemical-rich Full Spectrum extraction. In addition to these two forms of CBD oil, there are various different mechanisms of consumption. Tinctures, capsules, vaporizers, and edibles (like CBD ice cream!) are among the most popular.
To learn more, visit the following page on what types of CBD oil work best.
(i) Aizpurua-Olaizola, Oier; Soydaner, Umut; Öztürk, Ekin; Schibano, Daniele; Simsir, Yilmaz; Navarro, Patricia; Etxebarria, Nestor; Usobiaga, Aresatz (2016-02-02). “Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth of Cannabis sativa Plants from Different Chemotypes”. Journal of Natural Products. 79 (2): 324–331. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00949.